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Home » Cataract Surgery

Cataract Surgery in Houston, TX

Cataract removal is safe, convenient and virtually painless. At Eye Excellence, located in Houston and serving Missouri City and the surrounding areas in Texas, cataract surgery is done on an outpatient basis, and in most cases with minimal down time.

Cataract surgery is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the United States, with more than 1.6 million procedures performed each year. Dr. Green performs hundreds of cataract procedures in Houston each year. Cataract surgery is a short procedure that usually takes 20-30 minutes. Typically, patients will be in the surgery center for a total of 2 hours from start to finish, which includes pre-operative and post-operative instructions. Cataract surgery is typically performed with local anesthesia. The majority of people say they experienced no pain during their procedure.

When you come in for your pre-operative evaluation, Dr. Green will evaluate your eyes and recommend the intraocular lens (IOL) that is best for you. With a standard, single vision IOL, you will most likely need reading glasses. Other IOL options are Crystalens®, TECNIS® and ReSTOR® which are used to restore close, distance and intermediate vision and reduce or eliminate your need for glasses. If you have astigmatism, a toric IOL may be appropriate.

Here you will see our IOL Maser and Corneal Topographer Machines. These take measurements of your eye to help your surgeon determine what power of lens to use during your cataract surgery.

Cataract Signs and Symptoms

How do you know when you have a cataract? Common among those who are 40 years of age or older, a cataract is what happens when the lens (behind the pupil) gets clouded. Those with cataracts experience blurred vision, making it difficult to focus sharply on objects at short and long distances, as well as bad night vision, increased glare from bright lights and difficulty distinguishing between colors and degrees of contrast.

Cataracts can develop from a number of conditions: aging, eye injuries, previous eye surgery and intraocular inflammation. Other risk factors include excessive exposure to sunlight, steroid medications, a high-salt diet and medical problems, such as diabetes.

Cataract Removal Technique

During cataract surgery, Houston cataract surgeon, Dr. Green uses a microincision (an opening less than 1/8 inch long) in the cornea to allow her to remove the cataract. She then uses a technique called phacoemulsification to liquefy the eye’s lens with high-frequency sonic waves. These waves soften and break the lens into tiny fragments that can be aspirated (vacuumed) out of the lens capsule. After this step, the cataract has been removed. In the old days, this would be where surgery would end, but modern cataract surgery takes an extra step to improve vision after surgery.

An artificial lens implant is folded into a small package and inserted into the eye through the microincision. This lens unfolds within the eye into its proper and permanent position. Inserting an intraocular lens implant removes the need for unsightly cataract glasses that people had to wear after surgery in the 1950s. These lenses are permanent so there is rarely a reason or need to remove or exchange them. The lens implant is selected for nearsightedness or farsightedness. An advanced technology premium lens implant can correct both nearsightedness and farsightedness, as well as astigmatism using certain technologies.

Laser Cataract Surgery vs. Traditional Cataract Surgery

 

Intraocular Lenses

During cataract surgery, the diseased cataractous lens is removed and replaced by an artificial intraocular lens. We at Eye Excellence have many different types of intraocular lenses (IOLs), each designed to accommodate the individual needs of our patients.

Toric®, ReSTOR®, Crystalens® and TECNIS® Multifocal Lenses

While traditional monofocal IOLs can improve vision at one distance, patients who use them typically still need to wear glasses or contacts to see objects close-up. That’s why premium IOLs, or multifocal lenses, exist. The most popular multifocal models – Crystalens®, TECNIS®, and ReSTOR® – correct vision at near, intermediate and far distances, and restore a full range of vision without reading glasses or contacts.

It is important to understand that because premium lenses offer additional benefits that traditional lenses don’t offer, most health insurances don’t cover them due to their advanced correction techniques, these often have an extra cost associated with them.

Toric® Lenses

Toric® lenses are premium lenses used to correct astigmatism, a condition where an irregularly-shaped cornea can’t focus light properly.

What Are Secondary Cataracts (After Cataracts)?

A “secondary” cataract is a cloudy membrane that can develop after your original cataract surgery, months or even years later.

During your original surgery, an incision is made in the anterior part capsular bag surrounding your eye’s lens in order to remove the cataract place the IOL correctly. While the incision will heal quickly, it’s not uncommon for the back part of the capsule to become clouded. In fact, many patients believe their cataracts have come back, when what they’re actually seeing is a secondary cataract. This condition is very common and occurs in approximately 40 percent of all cataract surgery patients.

Treatment of Secondary Cataracts (After Cataracts)

Now that you understand what secondary cataracts are, it’s important to understand how to remove them. First, a YAG laser capsulotomy is performed, which uses quick pulses of cold laser energy to clear up cloudy membranes without hurting your intraocular lens. When the cloudy membranes are removed, the vision becomes clear again like a mini window wash; more light can reach your retina, which in turn, will improve your vision. This procedure can be done at Eye Excellence’s on-site outpatient surgical facility and promises to restore good vision quickly and without pain.

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After Cataract Surgery

Patients leave the surgery center with a clear shield over the operative eye. They may eat, watch television, read and walk short, familiar distances. After removal of the shield, they will need to administer eyedrops. The day after surgery, most people are able to resume their normal daily activities, including driving. Other restrictions, which may apply, will be discussed during the patient’s initial consultation and postoperative instructions.

How Much Does Cataract Surgery Cost in Houston?

  • Even if your insurance plan doesn’t cover vision correction, you can use cash, a credit card, or approved financing for payment.
  • Choose from no-interest plans, extended payment options up to 48 months and no down payment.

Please visit our financing page for more information.

Located in Houston and serving Missouri City and the surrounding areas of Texas, Eye Excellence employs board-certified ophthalmologist Mary T. Green, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.S., who performs hundreds of cataract procedures each year. With us, there is no need to pay for expensive hospital visits. We have an outpatient facility where we can conveniently perform the surgery. The procedure takes only about 30 minutes and recovery is quick, painless and comfortable.